Once the agreement of the companies concerned has been obtained, the investigating authorities should inform the authorities of the exporting member of the names and addresses of the companies to be visited and the dates agreed upon. The agency within the Ministry of Commerce, which handles petitions for countervailing duties, is the import administration. If the agency finds that a compensation subsidy is granted and the U.S. International Trade Commission finds that subsidized imports have harmed a U.S. industry, a countervailing or countervailing duty may be levied. The Office of Policy der Import Administration provides advice to companies interested in filing a countervailing right application. Countervailing duties have been successfully tracked by a large number of domestic industries, including producers of steel, industrial equipment, computer chips, agricultural products, textiles, chemicals and consumer goods. (40) If the number of exporters concerned is particularly high, the full text of the application should only be made available to the authorities of the exporting member or the trade association concerned, who should provide copies to the exporters concerned. 53 The interpretation of the WTO agreement is based on art.
31 to 33 VCLT. Article 3, paragraph 2 of the DSU provides that the DSE “clarifies the existing provisions of these agreements in accord with the usual rules of interpretation of international law.” Isabelle Damme, Treaty Interpretation by the WTO Appellate Body, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, 22. See also World Trade Organization, Appellate Body Reports, China – Measures Affecting Imports of Automobile Parts, WT/DS339/AB/R, WT/DS340/AB/R, WT/DS342/AB/R, adopted on 15 December 2008, point 1. 171; World Trade Organization, Appellate Body Report, United States – Measures to combat trade in large civil aircraft (second complaint), WT/DS353/AB/R, adopted on 12 March 2012 (US-Large Civil Aircraft (AB),” p. 586; Canada-Renewable Energy/FIT (AB), by. 5.120. The full text of the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures is available on the website of the OFFICE of Trade Agreements and Compliance (TANC) of the US Department of Commerce. TANC assists U.S. exporters facing trade barriers and ensures that foreign countries meet their trade commitments to the United States. You can contact the TANC by email. Once an investigation has been launched, the authorities communicate to known exporters (40) and the exporting member`s authorities the full text of the written application received pursuant to Article 11 in accordance with Article 11 and make it available to other interested parties upon request. The protection of confidential information referred to in paragraph 4 is the subject of particular attention.
Full-text calls reflect PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle, and full-text HTML views. 60 See THE BBC Monitoring South Asia, `Nepal pitches for foreign investment in energy, connectivity`, London, 29 January 2015; Fintech Agreement, “Gov`t to take special measures to boost public spending for infrastructure development: Finance Minister,” Mumbai, 20 January 2015; Asia News Monitor, `Thailand: Government Accelerating Infrastructure Development in Special Economic Zones`, Bangkok, 27 January 2015. Infrastructure development is particularly important because their absence or absence generally means that the benefits of trade agreements cannot be exploited at all. See Douglas Brooks, Benno Ferrarini and Eugenia Go, Bilateral Trade and Food Security, ADB Economics Working Paper Series No.