In this context, and after an unsuccessful attempt to limit the construction of Israeli settlements, Obama was the first U.S. president to accept Palestinian recognition of Israel as a Jewish state as a parameter of peace in the United States. He argued that “everyone knows . . . A lasting peace will include two states for two peoples: Israel as a Jewish state and homeland for the Jewish people and the State of Palestine as the homeland for the Palestinian people, each state enjoying self-determination, mutual recognition and peace. The Israel-AU Agreement shows how the notion of peace in the Middle East has changed under Trump The Palestinian peace proposal drafted by Kushner, published earlier this year, was widely seen as the culmination of Israel`s years of preference, from the transfer of the U.S. Embassy to the disputed city of Jerusalem to the containment of aid to the Palestinians and the green light of the annexation of the Golan. The agreement itself has asked Israel to cancel up to 30% of the occupied West Bank and is already supported by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. It is a diplomatic achievement for President Trump and his son-in-law, Jared Kushner, who has largely negotiated the agreements with Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates. Then, to the sounds of the bearer natous horns and the bright pools, the four men moved to a long table in front of the South Portico to sign three sets of agreements in front of a seated audience that estimated the White House at 800 people, many of whom were not wearing masks.
“I always believed that this historic day would come, I`ve always worked for it. First of all, I would like to thank President Trump for his outstanding efforts to expand peace, bring peace to Israel and the peoples of the Middle East,” Netanyahu said. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said he opposed the new agreement and said no one had the right to speak on behalf of the Palestinians. Hamas, which controls Gaza, spoke of a “political sin.” By sanly blocking donor funds and easing freedom of movement and restrictions on access, Trump and Netanyahu believe that Palestinians can be infiltrated into commercial sovereignty or political and civil rights to improve their quality of life. While this is not a completely new approach, the government`s new parameters seem to go further in the idea that Palestinian approval of any plan is optional. The kingdom is therefore working hard to transform its de facto control over Western Sahara into something more legitimate. Last year, it convinced some 20 African and Arab countries to recognize their claims and open consulates in the region. Recognition by America, a member of the UN Security Council (UNSC), is an even greater blow.
The UN seems to have virtually abandoned monitoring of the referendum. A UN Security Council resolution in October, which extended the mandate of the UN peacekeeping mission in Western Sahara, made no mention of the vote (although it is referred to as the “UN mission for the referendum in Western Sahara”). The stated goal of trump`s peace plan is to outline the terms of an agreement signed by both sides, end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and clarify all demands of both sides in the conflict. The drafts provide that the realization of such a solution confers on the Palestinians the right to autonomy, while denying them any power that could pose a threat to Israel.  The winning solution will lead to direct flights between the State of Israel and its neighbours.  The Trump administration has said it will break with the worn-out paradigms of past approaches to the Israeli-Palestinian peace process by eliminating two fundamental issues by implementing two measures in 2017 and 2019, which proposed to largely redefine the parameters of the definitive resolution of the conflict in Israeli positions.  These were recognized (1) as the capital of Israel on 6 December 2017 and (2) declared on 18 November 2019 that Jewish settlements in the West Bank were compatible with international law.   As a visible signal of its break with the past, the United States opened the